History museum

History Museum Restoring Khurshidbanu Natavan’s Jacket [PHOTO]

By Laman Ismayilova

Khurshidbanu Natavan’s handmade jacket is being restored at the National History Museum, Azernews reports, citing the National History Museum.

The restoration is carried out without dismantling parts of the exhibition. This process is quite difficult for restoration, but only this way can help preserve the authenticity of the historical object.

The restoration of the exhibition is carried out by the museum’s textile restorer, Nurida Huseynova.

After the restoration, Khurshidbanu Natavan’s jacket will be presented to the public.

Khurshidbanu Natavan was born on August 6, 1832 in the city of Shusha. Being the only child in the family and a descendant of Panah Ali Khan, she was the sole heiress of the khan of Karabakh, known to the general public as the “daughter of the khan”.

She became popular through her relationship-themed ghazals and rubaiyat. Kindness, friendship, humanism and love were the main themes of Natavan’s ghazals.

Her romantic poems express the feelings and sufferings of a woman who was not happy in her family life and who lost her son. She adopted the pseudonym Natavan, a Persian term meaning “helpless”, after the tragic death of her son in 1885.

Some of his famous poems are “To My Son, Abbas”, “Lilac” and “Beloved One” are still used in folk songs.

In addition to poetry, Natavan was also engaged in painting. She was exceptionally good at pencil drawing and attractive embroidery. His landscape sketches were the first of their kind in the European style of Azerbaijani art, which perfectly combined the concepts of Western and Eastern art forms. His embroidery works were considered masterpieces.

After her father’s death, she became heavily involved in philanthropy, promoting the social and cultural development of Karabakh.

Although she took control of the Karabakh Empire at the age of 13, Natavan successfully established her literary career and handled the responsibilities for the development of her hometown, Shusha.

She did a lot for people’s welfare, including building aqueducts, opening schools, and building hospitals.

Known for her charitable and social activities, Natavan was the first to provide clean water to her hometown, Shusha.

Among his famous deeds was a water pipe which was first laid in Shusha in 1883, solving the townspeople’s water problem.

Moreover, she also did a lot for the development and popularization of the famous breed of Karabakh horses. Karabakh horses from the Natavan Stud were known as the best in Azerbaijan. At an international exhibition in Paris in 1867, a Karabakh Khan horse from the Natavan stud received a silver medal.

The khan’s daughter was also active in sponsoring one of the first literary societies. She established the first literary society in Shusha and sponsored several others across the country. Majlis-I Uns (Friends Society) has become a renowned poetic group in Karabakh.

In 1858, the poetess met the French writer Alexandre Dumas in Baku and presented his manual works.

The French novelist would have been charmed by her oriental beauty and her literary and artistic talent. As a guest of honor in Natavan’s family home, he was given a chess set after playing chess with his host.

The Alexandre Dumas Museum in Paris houses a handcrafted pouch Natavan gave to the French writer when she defeated him in a game of chess during his stay in Shusha during his trip to the Caucasus.

Natavan died in 1897 in Shusha. As a sign of respect, people carried her coffin on their shoulders from Shusha to Agdam, about 30 km to the northeast, where she was buried in a family vault.

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Laman Ismayilova is the journalist of AzerNews, follow her on Twitter: @Lamiva993